Pallet Racking Damage Types

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A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd

By adopting essential warehouse safety practices, you ensure that your employees are kept as safe as possible and that you remain legally compliant. All companies that have pallet racking, cantilever racking, and some types of shelving within their warehouse facility, should have an inspection carried out at least once a year by a qualified SEMA Approved rack inspector.
During a racking inspection, the following points are inspected as indicated in the SEMA Code of Practice, Guideline No. 6:
  • Conditions and types of pallets
  • Pallet locations on beams
  • Positioning of loads, and types of loads stored on pallets
  • General forklift truck operatives use of the racking
  • Condition and type of floor the racking is fixed on
  • General housekeeping of the installation
  • Possible changes from the original design requirements
Inspections are carried out from ground level with a visual examination of the exterior and other reasonably accessible racking components. If any damaged racking is identified, which requires immediate attention, the site contact will be informed of the racking component and its position within the installation.

Racking damage is usually categorised into three levels of risk:

The racking inspection is conducted following the SEMA “Guide to the Conduct of Pallet Racking and Shelving Surveys.” The extent of damage recommended within the SEMA guide classification of damage as RED RISK, AMBER RISK or GREEN RISK will be utilised.

Further information on the definitions of these categories are detailed below:

Red Risk:

Where a high level of damage is identified that exceeds twice the SEMA recommended limits. This warrants immediate offloading and isolation of the affected area until repair work can be carried out.

Amber Risk:

This is where the damage identified is greater than the SEMA limits. This warrants remedial work to be carried out however, the damage is not sufficiently severe to warrant the immediate offloading of the area. No additional loads shall be placed in the affected area, and once the pallet positions within this area are emptied then they should not be refilled until the repairs are carried out. If repairs are not carried out within 4 weeks, an Amber risk item automatically becomes a Red risk item.

Green Risk:

This highlights areas where damage is present however, the level of damage is designated as within the SEMA limits and therefore should be recorded for further consideration at the next inspection. Any damage will result in a reduced safety factor in the structure of the pallet racking and shelving, and deviations in excess of the SEMA limits should result in the affected area of the racking being offloaded.

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Typical Racking Damage Types:

Damaged Upright

Damaged Frame Bracing

Damaged Rackend Protector

Twisted Baseplate

Dislodged Beam

Damaged Beam

Corroded Baseplate

Unsafe Pallet Loads

A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Damaged Upright
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Damaged Upright
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Damaged Frame Bracing
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Damaged Frame Bracing
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Dislodged Beam
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Dislodged Beam
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Damaged Rackend Protector
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Damaged Rackend Protector
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Twisted Baseplate
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Twisted Baseplate
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Damaged Beam
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Damaged Beam
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Unsafe Pallet Loads
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Unsafe Pallet Loads
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Corroded Baseplates
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Corroded Baseplates
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Missing Beam Locks
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Missing Beam Locks

Missing Beam Locks

A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Damaged Floor Fixing
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Damaged Floor Fixing

Damaged Floor Fixing

A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Cracked Beam Connector
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Cracked Beam Connector
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Dislodged Levelling Shims
A-Z Rack Inspections Ltd - Dislodged Levelling Shims

Cracked Beam Connector

Dislodged Levelling Shims